The state-owned company Romsilva is the only commercial logging company in Romania and is responsible for half of the country’s logging, the other half of Romanian logging is illegal and has cost Romania billions since the fall of the Soviet Union. Illegal logging is often tied to other organised crime and is sometimes referred to as ‘wood laundering’ as a result. Romania is home to some of the last untouched old-growth forests in Europe, but these ecological assets are at risk from both illegal and legal logging practices. Illegal logging in Romania helps fund criminal networks and other forms of organised crime in the country, with that has been described as a “lumber mafia” responsible for the majority of such logging. How can Romania Forest be protected ?